Did cops have to shoot to kill?

A police officer and K9 inspect the scene after a car chase and reports of gunshots fired outside of the Hart Senate Office Building on Captiol Hill on Thursday, October 3 in Washington. Police said the U.S. Capitol was put on security lockdown.A police officer and K9 inspect the scene after a car chase and reports of gunshots fired outside of the Hart Senate Office Building on Captiol Hill on Thursday, October 3 in Washington. Police said the U.S. Capitol was put on security lockdown.
Rescue personnel stand around a smashed U.S. Capitol Police cruiser near the Capitol.Rescue personnel stand around a smashed U.S. Capitol Police cruiser near the Capitol.
Police evidence markers are placed at the scene outside the U.S. Capitol.<!-- -->
</br>Police evidence markers are placed at the scene outside the U.S. Capitol.
First responders put a police officer on a stretcher after pulling him out of a wrecked cruiser.First responders put a police officer on a stretcher after pulling him out of a wrecked cruiser.
Emergency personnel put an unidentified police officer on a stretcher.Emergency personnel put an unidentified police officer on a stretcher.
People take cover as gunshots are heard. People take cover as gunshots are heard.
Police respond to the shooting.Police respond to the shooting.
Secret Service agents, as well as other law enforcement officers, gather at the White House entrance.Secret Service agents, as well as other law enforcement officers, gather at the White House entrance.
Sen. Bernie Sanders speaks on the phone at the Capitol.Sen. Bernie Sanders speaks on the phone at the Capitol.
Police secure the scene.Police secure the scene.
Police stand guard at the Capitol.Police stand guard at the Capitol.
Law enforcement personnel move toward the incident scene.Law enforcement personnel move toward the incident scene.
Police run near 2nd Street NW and Constitution Avenue in Washington on October 3.Police run near 2nd Street NW and Constitution Avenue in Washington on October 3.
A Capitol Police officer runs through the first-floor lobby in the Senate wing on Capitol Hill.A Capitol Police officer runs through the first-floor lobby in the Senate wing on Capitol Hill.
A view of the scene from Maryland Avenue.A view of the scene from Maryland Avenue.
A U.S. Capitol Police Officer stands guard in front of the Capitol.A U.S. Capitol Police Officer stands guard in front of the Capitol.
A damaged U.S. Capitol Police car is seen after the car chase and reported shooting incident.A damaged U.S. Capitol Police car is seen after the car chase and reported shooting incident.
A Senate staffer watches as Capitol Hill Police respond to reports of gunshots fired outside of the Hart Senate Office Building near the U.S. Capitol.A Senate staffer watches as Capitol Hill Police respond to reports of gunshots fired outside of the Hart Senate Office Building near the U.S. Capitol.
Pedestrians wait by temporary barriers after the area around the White House was put on lockdown.Pedestrians wait by temporary barriers after the area around the White House was put on lockdown.
A member of the Secret Service counterassault team walks past the entrance of the White House.A member of the Secret Service counterassault team walks past the entrance of the White House.
U.S. Capitol Police respond to reports of shots fired.U.S. Capitol Police respond to reports of shots fired.
A police officer runs after reports of shots being fired.A police officer runs after reports of shots being fired.
Capitol Hill Police respond to reports of gun shots. Capitol Hill Police respond to reports of gun shots.
A Capitol Police officer directs people away from a door on Capitol Hill.A Capitol Police officer directs people away from a door on Capitol Hill.
Sen. Jack Reed watches as a Capitol Hill police officer puts on a his body armor after the shooting was reported.Sen. Jack Reed watches as a Capitol Hill police officer puts on a his body armor after the shooting was reported.
Capitol Hill Police officers gather in response to the shooting.Capitol Hill Police officers gather in response to the shooting.
Members of the media watch as Capitol Hill Police respond to the report of shots fired. Members of the media watch as Capitol Hill Police respond to the report of shots fired.
People take cover as gunshots were heard.People take cover as gunshots were heard.
A member of the U.S. Secret Service counter-assault team patrols the grounds of the White House October 3 in Washington.A member of the U.S. Secret Service counter-assault team patrols the grounds of the White House October 3 in Washington.
A Secret Service vehicle joins law enforcement officers riding on horseback.A Secret Service vehicle joins law enforcement officers riding on horseback.
Capitol Police respond to reports of shots fired on Capitol Hill.Capitol Police respond to reports of shots fired on Capitol Hill.
Police gather near the scene on Capitol Hill.Police gather near the scene on Capitol Hill.
People run for cover as police converge to the site of a shooting. People run for cover as police converge to the site of a shooting.
A man runs for cover as a police officer takes position at the site of a shooting.A man runs for cover as a police officer takes position at the site of a shooting.
A police officer runs while reacting to a call of shots fired.A police officer runs while reacting to a call of shots fired.

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  • Richard Weinblatt: Some question whether cops justified in killing woman in car chase
  • He says it’s a fair question, but cops made split-second decisions with good reasons
  • He says high court’s 3-part test gauges seriousness of offense, threat, suspect’s evasiveness
  • Weinblatt: In this case, with threat to high-value targets, police appear to have met test

Editor’s note: Richard Weinblatt is a former police chief and dean of the School of Public and Social Services at Ivy Tech Community College in Indianapolis.

(CNN) — The images filled the screen. A black car hitting barricades at the White House and on Capitol Hill, marked police cars being rammed, and the popping sounds of shots fired. More images rolled in, of heavily armed United States Capitol Police officers and of tourists running with scared and confused expressions.

In the aftermath of the scene that unfolded Thursday, a Connecticut woman is dead and a 1-year-old girl is in protective custody. The natural question people are asking is: Was it necessary for the police to shoot?

Washington Metropolitan Police Chief Cathy Lanier said that, yes, officers of the Capitol Police and Secret Service acted within commonly accepted use-of-force policies and practices in reaction to an intentional series of violent acts.

Richard Weinblatt

But some have wondered whether police overreacted in this case. This is a question that comes up every time there is a shooting by police.

In fact, many studies have found that police use force less often than the public realizes. For example, a 12-month study by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics found that only 1.4% of people who had contact with the police had force used or threatened to be used against them.

I certainly concede that sometimes bad officers do bad things, and occasionally good officers do bad things accidentally. However, I also have found that most officers are honorable men and women making split-second decisions while trying to serve their communities.

So how should you judge the use of force by law enforcement officers?

Consider reasonableness: Police officers are trained to quickly assess possible threats. Force, particularly deadly force (with firearms, in this case), may be used if officers can explain their perception of the physical threats that put them and/or others at substantial risk of serious bodily injury or death. We can’t Monday-morning quarterback the officers based on information that comes out later. We can only look at what a reasonable officer knew or should have known, and did or should have done, in a given situation.

Woman killed in D.C. chase identified

Fmr. FBI: Police acted appropriately

Photojournalist of Capitol chase speaks

Departmental policies and police training in the United States reflect the “objective reasonableness” principle put forth in the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1989 Graham v. Connor decision, which applies a three-part test to assess the seriousness of the offense, the suspect threat, and the suspect’s resistance or evasiveness.

And let’s also consider facts, not emotional spin. Even though at first blush it appears to be a justified shooting, there should be no rush to final judgment in either direction before an examination of the facts in a fair and impartial investigation. As Lanier indicated in her press conference Thursday night, the Metropolitan Police will be investigating, with support from the Capitol Police and Secret Service.

In the wake of last month’s Naval Yard shooting, and with the specter of other past violent acts — such as the shooting of two heroic U.S. Capitol Police officers by a man who breached security in July 1998 — law enforcement in Washington has been on heightened alert.

Cars can be used for delivering explosive devices. And let’s not forget, as at least two injured federal officers experienced in this incident: The car itself is a 2,000-pound weapon that can cause serious injury or death when used as a battering ram.

Would a reasonable officer — faced suddenly with a driver trying to ram barricades at high-profile targets like the White House, ramming police cars and injuring uniformed officers repeatedly — perceive a serious offense, threat, or evasiveness?

Whether the driver was mentally ill was not a factor that the officers had the luxury of contemplating as they quickly assessed the threat and decided on a course of action.

Pending the final facts, it appears that all three prongs of the “objective reasonableness” standard were present.

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The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Richard Weinblatt.